During the month of March, many residents of New York State were asked to contact their State Representatives about several pieces of proposed legislation having to do with hydraulic fracturing:
- A10088 which prohibits “on-site storage of flowback water.” (After toxic hydraulic fracturing fluid is injected into the shale bed, 15-40% of the toxic soup is recovered as “flowback water” and is frequently stored in open pits at the fracking site. 60-85% of the injected fluid is left in the shale bed.);
- A10090 which prohibits the “disposal of drill cuttings at the drilling site.” (Drill cuttings are the primarily solid pieces generated as the drill bores through the earth. For those familiar with wood or metal drills, think of the shavings created as the drill rotates and penetrates a 2 x 4 or metal bar. During hydraulic fracturing, drills bore thousands of feet. The resultant “cuttings” are composed of NORMs (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) and other toxins which, according to New York’s Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) qualifies them as “hazardous waste.” In justifying the need for A10090, its sponsors state, “In their hearing testimony, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) indicated that a multiple horizontal well site will generate 100 to 500 times the volume of cuttings generated at a vertical well site. More importantly, the Marcellus formation has been shown to be high in pyrite. Oxidation and leaching of pyretic shale produces Acid Mine Discharge (AMD) which can lead to significant water impairments. Unfortunately, in the Draft Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement (dSGEIS), the Department of Environmental Conservation proposes to prohibit only the on-site disposal of cuttings contaminated with drilling mud.”
- A10091 which would require “the disclosure of hydraulic fracturing fluids; and, *[prohibit] the use of hydraulic fracturing fluids containing chemicals that pose a risk to human health including, but not limited to, fluids that are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (as defined by the EPA) or are known mutagens. Effects of Present Law Which This Bill Would Alter: Amends section 23-0305 (8)(d) of the Environmental Conservation Law.”
- A10092 which “Requires an environmental impact statement to be prepared for any natural gas or oil drilling involving the use of hydraulic fracturing fluid.”
- A08784 which “Requires permit holders to test groundwater prior to and after drilling wells for oil and natural gas.”
- A9414 which “Establishes the natural gas exploration and extraction liability act of 2010.” (Of the initiative, Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy has said, “This bill would not apply to the million and a half acres already leased in New York State and for that reason we think it needs to be amended.”)
On April 5, 2010, Breathing received the following note from Aileen Gunther (Assembly District 98) : “A new bill has been introduced (A10490) by Assemblyman Englebright to establish a moratorium on conducting hydraulic fracturing for the extraction of natural gas or oil until 120 days after the Federal EPA issues their report on the effects of fracking on water quality and public health. I am a co-sponsor of this bill. I am hearing positive response from individuals and groups regarding this newly introduced legislation. Although I have not officially signed on as a sponsor of many of the bills you reference, I do support the bills and will support them when they come before the EnCon [Environmental Conservation] committee or to the floor.” (Bold added for emphasis.)
Although some activists who support a total moratorium have questioned A10490’s 120-day limit, others believe it’s a middle-of-the-road position — neither obstructing nor approving hydraulic fracturing until a comprehensive study of its effects is completed. In the past, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found many faults with NYS DEC’s draft Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement (dSGEIS). Currently, completion and submission of the dSGEIS is the basis of New York’s de facto moratorium. Obviously, A10490 would extend that moratorium until the completion of EPA’s “comprehensive research study.”
For more information concerning the status of the proposed legislation in this article or to contact Ms. Gunther, please follow the supplied-links. To find your New York State Legislators and to let them know how you feel about the legislation, please visit the New York State Assembly and/or Senate pages.
As readers of Breathing Is Political’s “Inverse Condemnation” article may remember, NYS Senator John Bonacic has staked a position on hydraulic fracturing which is different than Ms. Gunther’s and although that position is protective of lessors, it does not address the larger issues of human and environmental health.
Coming next: Local conflicts of interests and incorporating the above-legislative initiatives into Town and County Board resolutions.